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Now showing 1 - 10 of 16
  • Publication
    Facilitating Better Governance through E-Government Initiatives: Successful Case in Sub-Saharan Africa
    (2009-07-01) Thomas, Carlos A; Mbarika, Victor W; Nwogu, Rufus; Musa, Philip F; Meso, Peter
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    Community- Based Information Technology Access: The Case of Cybercafe Diffusion in Sub-Saharan Africa
    (2006-01-01) Mbarika, Victor W; Kah, Muhammadou; Samake, Kibily; Sumrall, Jeffrey
  • Publication
    Immediacy and Openness in a Digital Africa: Networked-Convergent Journalism in Kenya
    (2012-10-01) Mudhai, O.F.
    Before the US crackdown on WikiLeaks website from 2010, the narrative of freedom dominating discourses on uneasy deployment of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) in journalism was more prevalent in Africa – and developing regions – than in advanced democracies. Little wonder WikiLeaks did not, at least initially, include African media partners in their potent 2010 ‘cablegate’ exposés. From the 1996 Zambian government ban of the Post online to the recent onslaughts on bloggers in parts of the continent, ICT uses in journalism have reflected national contexts, with restrictions often resulting in self-‐censorship, as well as innovations that borrow from and build on global developments. This ‘glocal’ context perspective defines the review here of the new media use in journalism in Africa with an examination of Kenyan media coverage – mainly between 2005 and 2010 constitutional referenda. The focus is on coverage by two leading newspapers in their strive to keep up with emerging alternative spaces of networked online expression. The aim here is to determine the extent to which the coverage reflects immediacy and openness in a networked and converged environment, with implications for democracy. The article employs comparative approach and qualitative content-‐genre analysis.
  • Publication
    IT Education and Workforce Participation: A New Era for Women in Kenya?
    (2006-01-01) Mbarika, Victor W; Payton, Fay Cobb; Kvasny, Lynette; Amadi, Atieno
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  • Publication
    Social Media and Post-Election Crisis in Kenya
    (2008-01-01) Makinen, Maarit; Kuira, Mary Wangu
  • Publication
    Theorising African communications: the bad news signalled by broadcast digital migration policy
    (2012-09-01) Berger, Guy
    Broadcasting digital migration (BDM) in Africa reflects deadlines agreed by the continent at the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). The case suggests a negative answer to the question about a uniquely African contribution to communication theory. This is because there is a disjuncture between the ideology of BDM, as evolved in developed countries and copied in African countries, and a critical theorisation of African communications which could surface a different vantage point. The embedded theory that informs African accord on BDM assumes unquestioningly that this particular development in advanced economies has to be emulated in Africa. As a result, primary African communications characteristics are ignored, including the case for investing in radio or mobile internet rather than BDM. Also missed is the value of democratic and interactive communications, meaning that the BDM Set Top Boxes (STBs) are seen merely as decoders of one-way content flows. In sum, the experience of BDM as a particular intersection of communications technology and social conditions reflects an inadequate African communication theorisation .
  • Publication
    Journalists or activists? Self - identity in the Ethiopian diaspora online community
    (2011-08-01) Skjerdal, Terje
    This study investigates the role of the diaspora online media as stakeholders in the transnational Ethiopian media landscape. Through content analysis of selected websites and interviews with editors, the research discusses how the sites relate to recognized journalistic ideals and how the editors view themselves in regard to journalistic professionalism. It is argued that the journalistic ideals of the diaspora media must be understood towards the particular political conditions in homeland Ethiopia. Highly politicized, the diaspora websites display a marked critical attitude towards the Ethiopian government through an activist journalism approach. The editors differ slightly among themselves in the perception of whether activist journalism is in conflict with ideal-type professional norms, but they justify the practice either because of the less than ideal conditions back home or because they maintain that the combination of activism and professionalism is a forward-looking journalism ideology. The online initiatives of the Ethiopian diaspora are found to prolong media contestations in the homeland as well as reinforcing an ideal-type professional journalism paradigm.
  • Publication
    ICTs Policies: E-Democracy and E-Government for Political Development
    (2007-08-01) Amoretti, Francesco
    ‘Electronic democracy’ is a concept with a relatively long history. It has been a central feature of the technological Utopias since the 1960s. Today, the trend is spreading worldwide, as public funding is made available for the exploration of the potential of new technologies to provide new channels of access to political information and participation in decision-making. Nevertheless, whereas e-democracy in Western nations is a tool for resolving the perceived crisis of liberal democracies, in the developing countries it is a tool to build democracy. This assumption is clearly important in the action plans and policies of International Organizations (World Bank, OECD, United Nations) which have assumed a leadership role in the reform of political institutions. This paper will focus on theoretical and methodological issues, such as the prevalent meaning(s) of e-government and e-democracy and their ideological roots in the context of political development.