Departmental Papers (ESE)


"Nano" denotes the very small in scale, but there is nothing diminutive about the expectations generated by nanotech--the application of fundamental research at the nanoscale.

Document Type


Date of this Version

December 2003


Copyright 2003 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting 2003 (IEDM 2003 Technical Digest), pages 1.3.1 - 1.3.4
Publisher URL:

This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Pennsylvania's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.



Date Posted: 23 November 2004