This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of nanoscale gravimetric sensors based on ultra-thin-film AlN Contour-Mode Resonant Sensor (CMR-S) functionalized with ss-DNA and connected to a chip-based self-sustaining oscillator loop (fabricated in the ON Semiconductor 0.5 μm CMOS process) for direct frequency read-out. The 220 MHz oscillator based on the ultra-thin AlN CMR-S exhibits an Allan Variance of ∼20 Hz for 100 ms gate time. The sensor affinity for the adsorption of volatile organic chemicals such as 2,6 dinitroluene (DNT, a simulant for explosive vapors) is enhanced by functionalizing the top gold electrode of the device with a thiol-terminated single stranded DNA sequence (Thiol - 5’ CTT CTG TCT TGA TGT TTG TCA AAC 3’) enabling the detection of concentrations as low as 1.5 part per billion (ppb).
Date of this Version
23rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS 2010)
Date Posted: 13 July 2010