Departmental Papers (ESE)

Optimal Control of Spatially Distributed Systems

Nader Motee, University of Pennsylvania
Ali Jadbabaie, University of Pennsylvania

Document Type Conference Paper

Copyright 2008 IEEE. Reprinted from Transactions on Automatic Control, August 2008, pages 1616-1629.

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In this paper, we study the structural properties of optimal control of spatially distributed systems. Such systems consist of an infinite collection of possibly heterogeneous linear control systems that are spatially interconnected via certain distant-dependent coupling functions over arbitrary graphs. We study the structural properties of optimal control problems with infinite-horizon linear quadratic criteria, by analyzing the spatial structure of the solution to the corresponding operator Lyapunov and Riccati equations. The key idea of the paper is the introduction of a special class of operators called spatially decaying (SD). These operators are a generalization of translation invariant operators used in the study of spatially invariant systems. We prove that given a control system with a state-space representation consisting of SD operators, the solution of operator Lyapunov and Riccati equations are SD. Furthermore, we show that the kernel of the optimal state feedback for each subsystem decays in the spatial domain, with the type of decay (e.g., exponential, polynomial or logarithmic) depending on the type of coupling between subsystems.


Date Posted: 13 October 2008

This document has been peer reviewed.