In this paper, a novel method for single-channel speech enhancement is proposed, which is based on a spectral conversion feature denoising approach. Spectral conversion has been applied previously in the context of voice conversion, and has been shown to successfully transform spectral features with particular statistical properties into spectral features that best fit (with the constraint of a piecewise linear transformation) different target statistics. This spectral transformation is applied as an initialization step to two well-known single channel enhancement methods, namely the iterativeWiener filter (IWF) and a particular iterative implementation of the Kalman filter. In both cases, spectral conversion is shown here to provide a significant improvement as opposed to initializations using the spectral features directly from the noisy speech. In essence, the proposed approach allows for applying these two algorithms in a user-centric manner, when "clean" speech training data are available from a particular speaker. The extra step of spectral conversion is shown to offer significant advantages regarding output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) improvement over the conventional initializations, which can reach 2 dB for the IWF and 6 dB for the Kalman filtering algorithm, for low input SNRs and for white and colored noise, respectively.
Date of this Version
gaussian mixture model (gmm), parameter adaptation, spectral conversion, speech enhancement
Date Posted: 07 June 2007
This document has been peer reviewed.