Minimizing Obstetric Hemorrhage

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Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects
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postpartum hemorrhage
obstetric hemorrhage
pre-procedural huddles
Critical Care Nursing
Nursing Midwifery
Perioperative, Operating Room and Surgical Nursing
Post-BSN for Nurse Anesthetists (DNP-NA)
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Patients undergoing cesarean deliveries are at risk for hemorrhage. In fact, hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable maternal mortality and accounts for more than 140,000 deaths each year worldwide (O’Brien & Ulh, 2016). Hemorrhage has been associated with a number of well-established risk factors which could be recognized prior to delivery. Women who do not have these risk factors could still experience postpartum hemorrhage, but using a risk assessment tool has been shown to identify 60-85% of women who will experience hemorrhage (Shields, Goffman, & Caughey, 2017). The postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) risk assessment tool, developed by the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), identifies women with PPH risk factors. The tool allows clinicians to prepare for possible interventions and close monitoring of women at increased risk of bleeding, to ultimately prevent mortality. At a metropolitan hospital PPH risk assessments were not being discussed during standard pre-procedure huddles. This quality improvement project added the PPH risk assessment tool to the pre procedure huddle sheet. This facilitated interdisciplinary team discussion of PPH risk factors for patients undergoing cesarean deliveries. There were a total of 575 mothers in the study with 297 in the pre intervention period and 278 in the post. There was a statistically significant increase in estimated blood loss (EBL) between the pre and post intervention groups. While the study tool did not result in a decrease in EBL, it increased awareness among the interdisciplinary care team by facilitating discussion about PPH.

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