Persistent Left Cranial Vena Cava in Dogs: Angiocardiography, Significance, and Coexisting Anomalies
Medicine and Health Sciences
Persistent left cranial venae were observed in angiocardiograms of 3 dogs at the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary Hospital. Although this vessel seldom has clinical significance, it is hoped this report will spare others the confusion caused by the first case in this series. These 3 dogs and 5 out of 7 others had significant cardiovascular anomalies in addition to persistent left cranial venae cavae.