Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans Leukotoxin Utilizes a Cholesterol Recognition/Amino Acid Consensus Site for Membrane Association
Background: A repeats-in-toxin (RTX) leukotoxin and its integrin receptor aggregate in cholesterol-rich lipid rafts. Results: The affinity of the toxin to cholesterol is driven by a cholesterol recognition/amino acid consensus (CRAC) motif. Conclusion: Leukotoxin cytotoxicity is regulated by the CRAC motif. Significance: Other RTX toxins contain this CRAC motif, suggesting a role for cholesterol recognition in RTX cytolysis. © 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.