Resveratrol attenuates advanced glycation end product-induced senescence and inflammation in human gingival fibroblasts

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School of Dental Medicine::Departmental Papers (Dental)
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Advanced glycation end products; Diabetic periodontitis; Inflammaging; Resveratrol; Senescence
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Chao-Yen Huang; Szu-Han Chen; Taichen Lin; Yi-Wen Liao; Yu-Cheng Chang; Chun-Cheng Chen; Cheng-Chia Yu; Chun-Jung Chen

Background/purpose: The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) lead to a series of immune responses such as: increased oxidative stress and inflammation which contribute to the development of diabetic complications and periodontal disease. Resveratrol is a natural compound that has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Studies have found that diabetes-induced periodontitis is mainly caused by oxidative stress, aging and increased inflammation. In view of resveratrol has been proposed to have the ability in anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation in a variety of tissues. However, the role of resveratrol in diabetic periodontitis remains to be investigated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of resveratrol in preventing and treating diabetic periodontitis.

Materials and methods: First, cell proliferation was measured in AGEs-treated human gingival fibroblast with or without resveratrol. We examined the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) and senescence marker p16 in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) stimulated with AGEs with or without the treatment of resveratrol. To determine whether resveratrol has the potential to regulate inflammaging which is mediated via the NF-κB signaling pathway and, the expression of p65 and p-IκB were also investigated. Furthermore, the concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were also measured in AGEs-stimulated HGFs treated with or without resveratrol.

Results: ROS generation, cell senescence, and the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 were significantly upregulated following the treatment of AGEs. However, the administration of resveratrol suppresses the generation of IL-6 and IL-8 and cell senescence via inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway. Our results revealed that resveratrol inhibits inflammaging by downregulating NF-κB signaling pathway.

Conclusion: According to our findings, AGEs increase senescence and the production of proinflammatory cytokines in the gingiva, while the administration of resveratrol impedes inflammaging via suppressing NF-κB signaling pathway.

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Journal of Dental Sciences
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Association for Dental Sciences of the Republic of China
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