Preparation of SOFC Anodes by Electrodeposition
Anodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been prepared by electrodeposition of either Co or Ni into a layer of porous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), 60 µm thick. The YSZ, having 65% porosity, was prepared by tape casting with graphite pore formers and was attached to the dense YSZ electrolyte. After adding 10 vol % CeO2 by impregnation of aqueous solutions of CeNO3)3, followed by calcination at 723 K, the porous YSZ was made conductive by exposing it to n-butane at 1123 K to form a coating of carbon. As much as 40 vol % metal could be added to the porous layers, while the carbon could then be removed by exposing the anode to humidified H2 at SOFC operating temperatures. The ohmic losses in cells containing 40 vol % Co or 30 vol % Ni were unaffected by heating to 1173 K. Finally, a cell with 15 vol % Cu and 15 vol % Co was prepared by electrodeposition of Cu onto electrodeposited Co. No carbon formation was observed on the Cu–Co anode following exposure to dry methane at 1073 K.