Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Graduate Group

History of Art

First Advisor

Sarah . Guérin

Second Advisor

Robert . Ousterhout


The twelfth-century monuments of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem attracted

pilgrims who came to see “the holy places in which the Lord lived as a man.” Landscapes

of Salvation: Architecture and Memory in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem investigates

how architecture, decoration, and liturgy structured this desired encounter between

medieval viewer and biblical history.

The staging of natural rock and older architectural fragments in the Church at Abu

Ghosh, Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron, and Latin Church of the Holy Sepulchre

provided worshippers with raw material that rendered the sacred past present. There was,

however, a lack of consensus between patrons and viewers on the theological

interpretation of the events marked by the loca sancta. Space, image, text, and ritual

therefore became a means of negotiating sacred and secular power among viewing

communities. My study engages in a history of sacred space that considers how the

twelfth-century structures responded to, and shaped, medieval understandings of sacred

topography and time.

Files over 3MB may be slow to open. For best results, right-click and select "save as..."