Date of Award

2019

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Graduate Group

Electrical & Systems Engineering

First Advisor

Ufuk Topcu

Second Advisor

George J. Pappas

Abstract

Reinforcement learning (RL) has been widely used, for example, in robotics, recommendation systems, and financial services. Existing RL algorithms typically optimize reward-based surrogates rather than the task performance itself. Therefore, they suffer from several shortcomings in providing guarantees for the task performance of the learned policies: An optimal policy for a surrogate objective may not have optimal task performance. A reward function that helps achieve satisfactory task performance in one environment may not transfer well to another environment. RL algorithms tackle nonlinear and nonconvex optimization problems and may, in general, not able to find globally optimal policies. The goal of this dissertation is to develop RL algorithms that explicitly account for formal high-level task specifications and equip the learned policies with provable guarantees for the satisfaction of these specifications. The resulting RL and inverse RL algorithms utilize multiple representations of task specifications, including conventional reward functions, expert demonstrations, temporal logic formulas, trajectory-based constraint functions as well as their combinations. These algorithms offer several promising capabilities. First, they automatically generate a memory transition system, which is critical for tasks that cannot be implemented by memoryless policies. Second, the formal specifications can act as reliable performance criteria for the learned policies despite the quality of the designed reward functions and variations in the underlying environments. Third, the algorithms enable online RL that never violates critical task and safety requirements, even during exploration.

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