Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Date of this Version

12-8-2020

Embargo Date

12-8-2020

Document Type

Project

Department

Nursing

Track

Post-BSN for Nurse Anesthetists (DNP-NA)

Keywords

AKI, TJA, quality improvement

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Total knee and total hip replacement surgery is highly effective for relieving pain and improving functionality. Though effective, the surgery is not without risk. Acute kidney injury (AKI) can develop following joint replacement surgery and has been shown to increase morbidity, mortality, hospital costs, and length of stay. There are several risk factors associated with the development of AKI – some of which are modifiable.

METHODS: This quality improvement project implements an educational module with the goal of educating staff on the risk factors for developing AKI and evidence-based recommendations surrounding perioperative management for total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Using Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model, a three-step process called PET: practice question, evidence, and translation will be used to implement a pre-test, educational video, and post-test.

INTERVENTION: Anesthesia providers will be given a pre-test to assess their current knowledge of factors affecting the development of AKI. Immediately following this test, the educational video will be viewed. After watching, a post-test will be administered to the providers to assess if there is an increase in knowledge.

RESULTS: 53 anesthesia providers took this module. The mean pre-test score before the education video was 6.64 points out of the maximum score of 10 points. The mean post-test score after watching the education video was 9.08 points out of 10 points. After conducting a paired two sample t-test the resulting p-value was < 0.00, therefore statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: The educational video increased knowledge of risk factors for the development of AKI and evidence-based recommendations.

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Date Posted: 25 February 2022