Identifying women's transportation disadvantage and measuring bus accessibility to medical facilities

Joseph Franklyn Hacker, University of Pennsylvania


Changes in the settlement, demographic, and economic patterns of urban areas have exacerbated travel imbalances for the economically disadvantaged. Bus services based on peak journey-to-work patterns mask the off-peak, non-work trips central to this group of travelers. The disparity between work and non-work travel particularly affects poor women. This dissertation examines dynamic service needs within the prevalent public transit environment and the provision of options to bridge the gap between the actual travel needs and services provided for this group of women. The concentration of social conditions within west and southwest Philadelphia is used to identify transportation disadvantaged areas. This geography is overlaid with a measure of appropriate medical facility access based on local bus service. Functional access boundaries integrate spatial, temporal, and client characteristics to define areas accessible to individual medical providers. Coverage between disadvantaged areas and access boundaries are explored for redundant or absent service. Trip origin data from the Healthy Start transportation program is used to assess these measures. Trip origins are used as explanatory variables and incorporated into an access protocol. The Healthy Start transportation program is also evaluated using these methods. This dissertation compliments previous research and current planning policy by using resource distribution to assess need and to explore the supply of appropriate services into a dynamic urban setting.

Subject Area

Urban planning|Area planning & development|Transportation|Womens studies|Public health|Welfare

Recommended Citation

Hacker, Joseph Franklyn, "Identifying women's transportation disadvantage and measuring bus accessibility to medical facilities" (1997). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI9800867.