Correlates of stress and racial identity attitudes in Black professionals

Cheryl D Bowers, University of Pennsylvania


The relationship and interaction between stress and racial identity attitudes in a variety of Black professionals was studied. A total of 129 subjects, consisting of Black professionals who work either in academic settings (n = 47), managerial positions in industry (n = 40), or clinical settings (n = 42) was sampled. There were 59 men and 70 women. Stress was measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and racial identity attitudes were measured using the Racial Identity Attitude Scale. In order to understand the relationship between these variables, six multiple regressions were done; two with stress as the dependent variable and four with racial identity attitudes as the dependent variable. Independent variables included social support and several personal and occupational variables. Results showed statistically significant, but weak, relationships between racial identity attitudes and stress. While this research indicates that a relationship does exist between racial identity and stress, further research is needed to examine intra-group variability.

Subject Area

Psychotherapy|African Americans|Occupational psychology

Recommended Citation

Bowers, Cheryl D, "Correlates of stress and racial identity attitudes in Black professionals" (1997). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI9800847.