Objectives and nation-state alignment during the Gulf War

Warren R Haffar, University of Pennsylvania


This study identifies the kinds of roles taken by participants in the Gulf War--and their development--in order to understand the range of precursors associated with micro-level tactical behavior during the War's seven months. The study demonstrates that understanding of the War's activities must take into account the larger economic and geopolitical objectives, goals, strategies and tactics of each of the actors and associated groups of actors. Assessment and evaluation of the rationales underlying the actions of each actor and their respective influence on aggregate behaviors and outcomes is contingent on the nature of these relationships, particularly with respect to their selection of strategies and tactics to achieve desired ends. This study, therefore, explores patterns of interactions amongst nation-state actors in the Gulf War based on a series of "cross-sectional slices" of tactical activities, using content analysis on a chronology of events compiled by the BBC World Service to determine the kinds and levels of participation of actors and how these changed throughout the War. Actor participation with respect to selected goals, strategies and tactics are subsequently used to assess the impact on the conduct of the War, indicating that these relationships dramatically affected critical phases of the War's conduct and its ultimate outcome.

Subject Area

Political science|International law|International relations|Middle Eastern history

Recommended Citation

Haffar, Warren R, "Objectives and nation-state alignment during the Gulf War" (1996). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI9627928.