The reciprocity between architectural typology and urban morphology

Jea-Hoon Hwang, University of Pennsylvania


There exists a crisis of representation in urban architecture deriving from the proliferation of discordant contrast between old and new, or traditional and modern. This disharmony of urban architecture derives from the abuse of the historical forms of architectural representation and the neglect of the architectural language of traditional representation. In order to minimize this crisis, a new concept of urban architecture based on typology called typomorphological modification is introduced, to connect architectural languages between past and present, to establish the relationship between architectural typology and urban morphology, and to keep urban identity and character. There are five steps leading to this new concept. The first step is to observe the necessity of the concept "typology" and "relationships with urban morphology" by defining the present problems of urban architecture. The second step is to restate the concept of typology, and to historically examine three stages of theoretical transformation, classified as "mythitype," "prototype," and "archetype." The third is to define the concept of morphology and to investigate the characteristics of urban morphology based on the three typologies as it relates to the historical relationships between typology and morphology. The fourth step is to establish a theory of reciprocity between architectural typology and urban morphology. The relationships are defined as "morphology by typology" and "typology by morphology" by the logic of philosophical polarity. Based on the relationships, the last step is to develop new concept of urban architecture, typomorphological modification, and to suggest a few basic prescription for the concept: representation of the image by atavistic mimesis; re-weaving the city or urban fabric; reviving gardens and streets; and protect the regional characteristics of urban architecture against the process of socio-cultural globalization.

Subject Area

Urban planning|Area planning & development

Recommended Citation

Hwang, Jea-Hoon, "The reciprocity between architectural typology and urban morphology" (1994). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI9503772.