THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DISAGGREGATED LOCATION MODEL IN TAIWAN: TAIPEI AND KAUSHIUNG

CHAO-I HSIEH, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract

Progress in urban modeling depends heavily on continued testing, evaluation and re-formulation of existing models. This dissertation, in accordance with the above reasoning, describes the development of a disaggregated location model for the Taipei and Kaushiung metropolitan areas. The original Disaggregated Residential Allocation Model (DRAM) was developed by Putman and Ducca. The present study involved the development of a theoretical-refined version of the DRAM model. This study calibrates, tests and evaluates the original model and develops and tests a modified model on the basis of residential and employment location theories and models. This study also applies the model in forecasting spatial distributions of population, employment and land uses, in testing policy impacts, and in comparing international and interurban differences in spatial behavior. Accomplishments of the study include the following: (1) Evaluation of the original DRAM model using several theoretical criteria revealed that its theoretical base, accuracy, reliability, design method and structure could be improved. (2) The essences of current residential location theory and employment location theory were injected into the residential-allocation and employment-allocation submodels of the original model respectively. Residential-theoretical injections included: trade-off theory and Kain's "journey to work" concept, Muth's "supply of space" and "spatial separation of income groups" concepts of historical theory, Richardson's "housing preferences" and Tiebout's residential location hypothesis, Evan's "social agglomeration" and "the influence of natural environment," and Qi's "wage rate" and "housing rate." Employment-theoretical injections included: Weber's "agglomeration economies" and "transportation costs," Palander's "spatial competition for market area," Hoover's "transportation rate structure," Greenhut's "spatial equilibrium," Alonso's "location equation," Harris's "market potential," and Wilson's distinction between "industrial" and "service" location factors. (3) The original and modified versions of the model, after calibration and testing against 1972 and 1977 data, performed well. The modified model was applied in forecasting the spatial distribution of population, employment and land use and in testing alternative policies. (4) The similarities of parameter values calibrated for Chinese and American cities demonstrated the model's structural soundness and utility in serving as a medium for spatial comparisons.

Subject Area

Urban planning|Area planning & development

Recommended Citation

HSIEH, CHAO-I, "THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DISAGGREGATED LOCATION MODEL IN TAIWAN: TAIPEI AND KAUSHIUNG" (1981). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI8207981.
https://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI8207981

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