Shared histories: Technology and community at Gilund and Bagor, Rajasthan, India (c. 3000–1700 BC)

Teresa P Raczek, University of Pennsylvania


This dissertation examines the relationship between two contemporaneous sites in southeastern Rajasthan: Gilund, a permanent settlement of agro-pastoralists and Bagor, a temporary camp inhabited by people who employed a mixed subsistence strategy. Gilund and Bagor are located 30 km apart in an area known as the Ahar-Banas Cultural Complex (3000 to 1700 BC). Artifacts found in the initial excavations linked Bagor with the inhabitants of permanent settlements in the region. However, the nature of interaction was largely uncertain. Recent excavations at both sites provided the opportunity to study the lithic collections anew. Lithics were selected for analysis because they were the single artifact class found in abundance at both sites. This project employed three avenues of research. First, evidence for the presence of overlapping material landscapes was sought by examining raw material procurement. A targeted field survey of chert and chalcedony sources identified potential sources and was paired with a visual raw material analysis of samples and artifacts. Second, technological practices were examined using standard typologies and attribute analysis. Finally presence of a shared technological skill set was identified through a detailed analysis of core production. The results show many similarities between the two lithic assemblages. Both sites emphasize highly local raw material procurement, with some use of non-local materials. While both sites procured material from the southeast, the Bagor collection contained more chert from unidentifiable sources, indicating a broader material landscape than Gilund. Few differences in technological practices were evidenced in the typological and attribute analyses. Finally, both sites employed a variety of core production strategies, but shared common techniques including the use of a burinated core initiation. Previous explanations described two separate groups that were loosely linked through exchange. However, this study shows that even though the inhabitants of these Gilund and Bagor engaged in distinct daily practices and raw material procurement patterns, these two communities shared a common skill set. That is, the evidence from lithic analysis suggests the presence of two communities with a shared history.

Subject Area

Archaeology|Asian History|Ancient history|South Asian Studies

Recommended Citation

Raczek, Teresa P, "Shared histories: Technology and community at Gilund and Bagor, Rajasthan, India (c. 3000–1700 BC)" (2007). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI3292066.