AFM study of the plastic deformation behavior of poly-synthetically-twinned (PST) titanium aluminide crystals

Yali Chen, University of Pennsylvania


The plastic deformation behavior of PST TiAl crystals was investigated using AFM techniques to reveal the effects of lamellar structure on the deform mechanisms of two-phase TiAl materials. PST crystals with a nominal composition of Ti52Al48 (atomic percent) were grown by the floating zone method and at various orientations deformed in compression at room temperature. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) was employed to investigate the deformation structure on the free surfaces. The deformation of the PST crystals is highly anisotropic and the deformation mechanism changes dramatically with sample orientation. When the angle between the loading axis and the lamellar interfaces is below 20°, the γ lamellae deform by dislocation slip and twinning on planes oblique to the lamellar interfaces, but the Burgers vectors or the resultant shear vectors are parallel to the lamellar interfaces inside each lamella. When the angle is between 20° and 80° the γ phase deforms by shear on planes parallel to the lamellar interfaces. Some domains deform by a combination of ordinary dislocation slip and twinning. In the domains where twinning cannot be activated, slip occurs by ordinary dislocations or superdislocations. When the loading axis is nearly perpendicular to the lamellar interfaces ordinary dislocation slip and twinning on slip planes inclined with the lamellar interfaces are dominant and the shear is trans-lamellar. The three deformation modes are termed as A, B and N type deformation modes respectively. In the A type mode the α2 lamellae concomitantly deform by prismatic slip. In the other two modes, the α2 phase does not deform and acts as strong obstacles to the transfer of deformation. Abundant misfit dislocations are emitted from the lamellar interfaces which is beneficial for the plastic deformation. On the other hand, the lamellar interfaces strongly impede trans-lamellar deformation and channel the deformation inside each lamella. The inhomogeneous coherency stresses at the lamellar interfaces also lead to heterogeneous deformation of PST crystals. The deformation behavior of the lamellar grains produces remarkable strain incompatibility in lamellar polycrystals and deteriorates the deformability.

Subject Area

Materials science

Recommended Citation

Chen, Yali, "AFM study of the plastic deformation behavior of poly-synthetically-twinned (PST) titanium aluminide crystals" (2004). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI3125799.