Departmental Papers (Dental)
Date of this Version
International Journal of Dentistry
Article number 3215048
Objective. To determine the effects of preirradiation fluoride treatments on the Knoop hardness of dentin. Materials and Methods. Human posterior teeth mounted into acrylic resin molds were polished with silicon carbide (SiC) abrasives and 3-micron diamond paste. The Knoop hardness of dentin was measured with a Leco hardness instrument. The teeth were divided into groups of ten teeth per group as follows: no treatment (control), treatment with silver diamine fluoride (SDF), MI varnish (MI), and cavity shield (CS). The teeth were exposed to 2 Gy of daily radiation for six weeks using an X-Rad 320ix biological irradiator. Hardness was measured weekly, before, during, and after irradiation. The teeth were stored in artificial saliva at 37oC between radiation treatments. Results. In preirradiation dentin, a Knoop hardness value of 58.8 (14.1) KHN was obtained. Treatment with SDF significantly increased KHN before irradiation. Immediately after radiation treatment, hardness was significantly reduced in all experimental groups. Postirradiation fluoride treatments increased the hardness of dentin to varying degrees. Conclusions. Preirradiation fluoride treatment does not provide protection from decreases in the hardness of dentin. Treatment of teeth with fluoride formulations after radiation progressively restores the hardness of dentin to different degrees. © 2022 Francis K. Mante et al.
acrylic acid resin, advantage arrest, cs, fluoride, fluoride varnish, mi, saliva substitute, silicon carbide, silver diamine fluoride, unclassified drug, adult, Article, comparative study, controlled study, dentin, human, human tissue, Knoop hardness, radiation exposure, radiotherapy, treatment duration
Mante, F. K., Kim, A., Truong, K. N., Mittal, K., Alapati, S., Hagan, S., & Deng, J. (2022). Effect of Preirradiation Fluoride Treatment on the Physical Properties of Dentin. International Journal of Dentistry, 2022 Article number 3215048-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2022/3215048
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Date Posted: 10 February 2023
This document has been peer reviewed.