Departmental Papers (Dental)

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Journal Article

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Article number 6378




The aim of this study is to evaluate the longitudinal transverse growth of the maxillo-mandibular complex in untreated children using the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT)Two sets of scans on 12 males (mean 8.75 years at T1 and 11.52 years at T2) and 18 females (mean 9.09 years at T1 and 10.80 years at T2) were analyzed using Dolphin 3D imaging. The transverse widths of various maxillary and mandibular skeletal landmarks and the dentoalveolar and dental landmarks at the level of first molars were measured. Overall, there were greater increases in the transverse dimension in the posterior than anterior portions of the maxilla and mandible. The increase in intergonial width of the mandible seems to be primarily due to the lengthening of the mandibular body. The dentoalveolar process at the first molar level increases at an equal rate corono-apically and is independent to the changes in molar inclination. When comparing maxillary dentoalveolar changes with that of the mandible, greater increases were noticed in the maxilla, which might be explained by the presence of sutural growth in the maxilla. Moreover, the first molars maintain their coordination with each other despite the differential increase in the maxillary and mandibular dentoalveolar processes. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


CBCT, Longitudinal study, Transverse growth, Untreated, Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Female, Humans, Male, Mandible, Maxilla, Molar, Tooth, 3D imaging, Cone-beam computed tomography, Dentoalveolar process, Longitudinal study, Transverse dimensions, Transverse growth, Untreated, cone beam computed tomography, diagnostic imaging, female, human, male, mandible, maxilla, molar tooth, tooth, Computerized tomography



Date Posted: 09 February 2023

This document has been peer reviewed.