Date of this Version
European Journal of Pharmacology
Although human mast cells express G protein coupled receptors for the anaphylatoxin C3a, previous studies indicated that C3a causes mast cell degranulation, at least in part, via a C3a receptor-independent mechanism similar to that proposed for polycationic molecules such as compound 48/80. The purpose of the present study was to delineate the receptor specificity of C3a-induced degranulation in human mast cells. We found that C3a, a C3a receptor “superagonist” (E7) and compound 48/80 induced Ca2+ mobilization and degranulation in a differentiated human mast cell line, LAD2. However, C3a and E7 caused Ca2+ mobilization in an immature mast cell line, HMC-1 but compound 48/80 did not. We have previously shown that LAD2 cells express MrgX1 and MrgX2 but HMC-1 cells do not. To delineate the receptor specificity for C3a and compound 48/80 further, we generated stable transfectants expressing MrgX1 and MrgX2 in a rodent mast cell line, RBL-2H3 cells. We found that compound 48/80 caused degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells expressing MrgX1 and MrgX2 but C3a did not. By contrast, E7 activated RBL-2H3 cells expressing MrgX2 but not MrgX1. These findings demonstrate that in contrast to previous reports, C3a and compound 48/80 do not use a shared mechanism for mast cell degranulation. It shows that while compound 48/80 utilizes MrgX1 and MrgX2 for mast cell degranulation C3a does not. It further reveals the novel finding that the previously characterized synthetic peptide, C3a receptor “superagonist” E7 activates human mast cells via two mechanisms; one involving the C3a receptor and the other MrgX2.
© <2011>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
mast cell, degranulation, c3a, compound 40/80, mrgx1, mrgx2
Kashem, S. W., Subramanian, H., Collington, S. J., Magotti, P., Lambris, J. D., & Ali, H. (2011). G Protein Coupled Receptor Specificity for C3a and Compound 48/80-Induced Degranulation in Human Mast Cells: Roles of Mas-Related Genes MrgX1 and MrgX2.. European Journal of Pharmacology, 668 (1-2), 299-304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.06.027
Date Posted: 01 March 2022
This document has been peer reviewed.