Departmental Papers (Dental)
Altered Lipid Composition and Enhanced Lipid Production in Green Microalga by Introduction of Brassica Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase 2
Date of this Version
Plant Biotechnology Journal
Higher lipid biosynthesis and accumulation are important to achieve economic viability of biofuel production via microalgae. To enhance lipid content, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was genetically engineered with a key enzyme diacylglycerol acyltransferase (BnDGAT2) from Brassica napus,responsible for neutral lipid biosynthesis. The transformed colonies harbouring aph7 gene, screened on hygromycin-supplemented medium, achieved transformation frequency of ~120 ± 10 colonies/1 × 106cells. Transgene integration and expression were confirmed by PCR, Southern blots, staining lipid droplets, proteins and spectro-fluorometric analysis of Nile red-stained cells. The neutral lipid is a major class (over 80% of total lipids) and most significant requirement for biodiesel production; this was remarkably higher in the transformed alga than the untransformed control. The levels of saturated fatty acids in the transformed alga decreased to about 7% while unsaturated fatty acids increased proportionately when compared to wild type cells. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially α-linolenic acid, an essential omega-3 fatty acid, were enhanced up to 12% in the transformed line. Nile red staining confirmed formation of a large number of lipid globules in the transformed alga. Evaluation of long-term stability and vitality of the transgenic alga revealed that cryopreservation produced significantly higher quantity of lipid than those maintained continuously over 128 generations on solid medium. The overexpression of BnDGAT2significantly altered the fatty acids profile in the transformed alga. Results of this study offer a valuable strategy of genetic manipulation for enhancing polyunsaturated fatty acids and neutral lipids for biofuel production in algae.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ahmad, I., Sharma, A. K., Daniell, H., & Kumar, S. (2015). Altered lipid composition and enhanced lipid production in green microalga by introduction of brassica diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 13(4), 540–550. http://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12278, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12278. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html#terms.
green algae, bioenergy, biodiesel, transgenic algae, polyunsaturated fatty acids, neutral lipids
Ahmad, I., Sharma, A. K., Daniell, H., & Kumar, S. (2015). Altered Lipid Composition and Enhanced Lipid Production in Green Microalga by Introduction of Brassica Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase 2. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 13 (4), 540-550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12278
Date Posted: 01 March 2022
This document has been peer reviewed.