Date of this Version
Archives of Oral Biology
Actinobacillus acrinomycetemcomirans isolates from periodontal pockets were examined for restriction fragment-length polymorphism using a characterized 4.7-kb DNA probe. A total of 6 patterns of RFLP was found in 133 isolates originating from 12 subjects. No relatedness was found between RFLP types and serotypes. Different periodontal sites within the same subject and different individuals within the same family sometimes showed only one type of A. actinomycetemcomitans RFLP. When members among the same family showed 2 RFLP types, children were always infected with the A. acfinomycefemcomitans strains found in at least one of the parents. These findings support the concept of familial spread of A. actinomycetemcomitans. A. actinomycetemcomitans RFLP type B, corresponding to reference strain JP2, seems to be particularly virulent, as indicated from the presence of RFLP type B in 3 subjects who converted from a healthy periodontal state to localized juvenile periodontitis. RFLP type B was not detected in any of the 21 A. acrinomycetemcomitans-infected patients with adult periodontitis. The RFLP method seems to be useful in determining the epidemiology and possibly the potential virulence of periodontal strains of A. actinomycetemcomitans.
© <2013>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
juvenile periodontitis, epidemiology, virulence, restriction fragment-length polymorphism, DNA probes, Actinobaccillus actinomycetemcomitans
DiRienzo, J. M., & Slots, J. (2013). GENETIC APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS OF ACTINOBACILLUS ACTINOMYCETEMCOA4ITANS IN LOCALIZED JUVENILE PERIODONTITIS. Archives of Oral Biology, 35 (Suppl), 79S-84S. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/dental_papers/140
Date Posted: 01 March 2022
This document has been peer reviewed.