Departmental Papers (Dental)
Ecological Balance of Oral Microbiota is Required to Maintain Oral Mesenchymal Stem Cell Homeostasis
Date of this Version
Oral microbiome is essential for maintenance of oral cavity health. Imbalanced oral microbiome causes periodontal and other diseases. It is unknown whether oral microbiome affect oral stem cells function. In this study, we used a common clinical anti-biotic treatment approach to alter oral microbiome ecology and examine whether oral mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are affected. We found that altered oral microbiome resulted gingival MSCs deficiency, leading to a delayed wound healing in male mice. Mechanistically, oral microbiome release LPS that stimulates the expression of microRNA-21 (miR-21) and then impair the normal function of gingival MSCs and wound healing process through miR-21/Sp1/TERT pathway. This is the first study indicate that interplay between oral microbiome and MSCs homeostasis in male mice.
This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: [Su, Y., Chen, C., Guo, L., Du, J., Li, X., & Liu, Y. (2018). Ecological balance of oral microbiota is required to maintain oral mesenchymal stem cell homeostasis: Oral microbiome on MSCs function. Stem Cells, 36(4), 551-561. doi:10.1002/stem.2762], which has been published in final form at [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/stem.2762]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
oral microbiota, mesenchymal stem cells, proliferation, wound healing
Su, Y., Chen, C., Guo, L., Du, J., Li, X., & Liu, Y. (2018). Ecological Balance of Oral Microbiota is Required to Maintain Oral Mesenchymal Stem Cell Homeostasis. Stem Cells, 36 (4), 551-561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/stem.2762
Date Posted: 01 March 2022
This document has been peer reviewed.