CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Gender Plus: Toward a More Inclusive Feminism

Corinne M. Smith, University of Pennsylvania

Division: Social Sciences

Dept/Program: Political Science

Document Type: Undergraduate Student Research

Mentor(s): Nancy Hirschmann

Date of this Version: 30 March 2007

This document has been peer reviewed.



This paper explores the racism of mainstream feminism and the ways in which what we think of as feminism has not adequately addressed the needs of black women in the United States. It describes some of the ways in which black women’s experiences of oppression in the United States differ from white women’s. It then proposes a methodological tool for avoiding racism in feminist political theory, “Gender Plus,” which calls for feminist theorists to consider at least one level of inquiry beyond gender when formalizing theory. This paper engages in “Gender Plus” by using race as an example level of inquiry beyond gender, and shows how acknowledging and considering the races of the women theorists study can aid in combating tendencies toward racism in feminist thought.


Political Science

Suggested Citation

Smith, Corinne M., "Gender Plus: Toward a More Inclusive Feminism" 30 March 2007. CUREJ: College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal, University of Pennsylvania,

Date Posted: 14 May 2007

This document has been peer reviewed.




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