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  • Effective inclusion and exclusion criteria create the ideal pool of participants to get the most beneficial data for the study.

  • An inclusion/exclusion list is a balance of broad yet specific criteria.

  • The narrowness of inclusion/exclusion criteria has a direct impact on the study’s recruitment and feasibility, while the broadness of criteria can affect the data’s integrity.

  • Including a general medical exclusion statement can prevent needing to go to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for special requests and instead places the decision power in the hands of the research team.

  • Referring to studies with similar goals in your literature review will help ensure your criteria are feasible to incorporate into your study’s purpose and aims.

  • Training research staff on criteria is crucial to certify high-quality data from each participant.

Designing Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria