PublicationExamining sustainment of an evidence-based kindergarten literacy curriculum(2023-05-01) Fink, Ryan; Suwak, Katarina; Lawson, Gwendolyn; Spilliane, Maurice PublicationHow Much Does New York City Now Spend Children's Services?(2011-01-01) Belfield, Clive R; Garcia, EmmaThis report estimates the total annual public, tax-related, and philanthropic expenditures on children in New York City. It presents a “fiscal map” classifying expenditures by: age of child (early childhood, elementary, high school); source of funding (public, tax-related, philanthropic); level of government (city, state, federal); domain (prenatal care, early childhood, pediatric care, before/after/summer school, K-12 education, health, social and administration); and level of child disadvantage, as measured using poverty criteria. PublicationThe Return on Investment for Improving California's High School Graduation Rate(2007-01-01) Belfield, Clive R; Levin, Henry MFor each of several educational interventions that aim to increase the high school graduation rate in California, we calculate the costs to the taxpayer of each additional graduate and compare those costs to the economic benefits of an additional graduate. Under most scenarios, the benefits greatly exceed the costs, but the conclusion is sensitive to the source of funding, as the federal government gains significantly more than state and local governments, even though the latter are primarily responsible for funding the interventions. PublicationThe Economic Losses from High School Dropouts in California(2007-01-01) Belfield, Clive R; Levin, Henry MThere are substantial economic benefits accruing to individuals, taxpayers, and residents across California from raising the rate of high school graduation. A conservative estimate of the total social gains is $392,000 per each additional graduate. PublicationProviding Comprehensive Educational Opportunity to Low-Income Students: What are the Social and Economic Returns?(2011-01-01) Belfield, Clive R; Hollands, Fiona M; Levin, Henry MThis report estimates the economic costs and benefits attributable to a single cohort of 37,000 12th grade students in New York City public schools who come from families with incomes below 185% FPL. It calculates the net fiscal contributions by education level per individual. These contributions are tax revenues, minus government expenditures on healthcare, the criminal justice system, welfare programs, and school/college. The report also calculates the social impact of different educational attainment levels including the benefits of income gains, economic spillovers, reductions in crime, and improvements in health as education level increases.