Technical Reports (CIS)

Document Type

Technical Report

Date of this Version

January 2004


University of Pennsylvania Department of Computer and Information Science Technical Report No. MS-CIS-04-04


We give three formalizations of the Kerberos 5 authentication protocol in the Multi-Set Rewriting (MSR) formalism. One is a high-level formalization containing just enough detail to prove authentication and confidentiality properties of the protocol. A second formalization refines this by adding a variety of protocol options; we similarly refine proofs of properties in the first formalization to prove properties of the second formalization. Our third formalization adds timestamps to the first formalization but has not been analyzed extensively. The various proofs make use of rank and corank functions, inspired by work of Schneider in CSP, and provide examples of reasoning about real-world protocols in MSR.We also note some potentially curious protocol behavior; given our positive results, this does not compromise the security of the protocol.



Date Posted: 17 December 2008