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Robotics applications must execute in real-time. In addition, complex robotics applications include many physically distributed components such as manipulator arms and sensors. This paper presents the real-time kernel RK which is designed to facilitate the development of a distributed sensory system with multiple arms and sensors. The goal of the kernel is to support distributed applications that require predictable timing behavior. Our kernel design guarantees predictable response times by scheduling processes and communications based on timing constraints. In addition, the kernel provides a set of primitives that can be used to implement applications requiring predictable timing behavior. These primitives allow the specification of timing requirements that can be guaranteed in advance by the scheduler and the direct control of devices by application processes for faster and predictable feedback control. To illustrate the use of our kernel, this paper also describes a multiple sensory system which is being ported to our distributed test-bed.
distributed robot programming, distributed real-time system, multi-sensory systems, distributed computing, real-time scheduling, timing analysis
Insup Lee, Robert King, and Richard Paul, "RK: A Real-Time Kernel for a Distributed System With Predictable Response", . September 1988.
Date Posted: 09 November 2007