Departmental Papers (CBE)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

December 2006


Enveloped viruses contain surface proteins that mediate fusion between the viral and target cell membranes following an activating stimulus. Acidic pH induces the influenza virus fusion protein hemagglutinin (HA) via irreversible refolding of a trimeric conformational state leading to exposure of hydrophobic fusion peptides on each trimer subunit. Herein, we show that cells expressing fowl plague virus HA demonstrate discrete switching behavior with respect to the HA conformational change. Partially activated states do not exist at the scale of the cell, activation of HA leads to aggregation of cell surface trimers, and newly synthesized HA refold spontaneously in the presence of previously activated HA. These observations imply a feedback mechanism involving self-catalyzed refolding of HA and thus suggest a mechanism similar to the autocatalytic refolding and aggregation of prions.


Postprint version. Published in Journal of Molecular Biology, Volume 364, Issue 3, December 2006, pages 275-282.
Publisher URL:


cooperative activation, HA, hemagglutinin, influenza, autocatalysis



Date Posted: 23 January 2007

This document has been peer reviewed.