Date of this Version
PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
The clinical use of metallic expandable intravascular stents has resulted in imporved therapeutic outcomes for coronary artery disease. However, arterial reobstruction after stenting, in-stent restenosis, remains an important problem. Gene therapy to treat in-stent restenosis by using gene vector delivery from the metallic stent surfaces has never been demonstrated. The present studies investigated the hypothesis that metal-biphosphonate binding can enable site-specific gene vector delivery from metal surfaces. Polyallylamine biphosphonate (PAA-BP) was synthesized by using Michael addition methodology. Exposure to aqueous solutions of PAA-BP resulted in the formation of a monomolecular biphosphonate later on metal alloy surfaces (steel, nitinol, and cobalt-chromium), as demonstrated by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Surface-bound PAA-BP enabled adenoviral (Ad) tethering due to covalent thiol-binding of either anti-Ad antibody or a recombinant Ad-receptor protein, D1. In arterial smooth muscle cell cultures, alloy samples configured with surface-tethered Ad were demonstrated to achieve site-specific transduction with a reporter gene, (GFP). Rat carotid stent angioplasties using metal stents exposed to aqueous PAA-BP and derivatized with anti-knob antibody or D1 resulted in extensive localized Ad-GFP expression in the arterial wall. In a separate study with a model therapeutic vector, Ad-inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) attached to the biphosphonate-treated metal stent surface via D1, significant inhibition of restenosis was demonstrated (neointimal/media ration 1.68 ± 0.27 and 3.4 ± 0.35; Ad-iNOS vs. control, P < 0.01). Is is concluded that effective gene vector delivery from metallic stent surfaces can be achieved using this approach.
© 2006 National Academy of Sciences.
gene therapy, local delivery, restenosis
Fishbein, I., Alferiev, I. S., Nyanguile, O., Gaster, R., Vohs, J. M., Wong, G., Felderman, H., Chen, I., Choi, H., Wilensky, R. L., & Levy, R. J. (2006). Biphosphonate-Mediated Gene Vector Delivery from the Metal Surfaces of Stents. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences), 103 (1), 159-164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502945102
Date Posted: 01 December 2017
This document has been peer reviewed.