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The Center on Standards, Alignment, Instruction, and Learning (C-SAIL), funded from July 2015 through 2020 by the Institute of Education Sciences, examined how college- and career-readiness (CCR) standards were implemented, if they improved student learning, and what instructional tools measured and supported their implementation.


This report examines select questions from a spring 2016 survey administered to districts, principals, and teachers in the state of Ohio. The results presented focus on responses about the state’s standards-based reform policies as described by the policy attributes (Porter, Floden, Freeman, Schmidt, & Schwille, 1988), the theoretical framework that undergirds C-SAIL’s research. The framework suggests that five attributes are related to successful policy implementation, and that the stronger each attribute is, the better implementation will be.


college and career-ready standards, implementation, curriculum, professional development, assessment, students with disabilities, english learners



Date Posted:19 November 2020