Departmental Papers (BE)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

September 2005


In the wake of the terrorist attacks of 2001, the United States government undertook a rushed effort to increase security. In addition to new legislation such as the Patriot Act and the Homeland Security Act of 2002, the government dramatically ramped up enforcement of laws that have long been on the books, and revised its policies to deal with new terrorist threats.

While the need for increased security is undeniable, the costs of security measures need to be weighed as well, in terms of collateral damage they produce to the U.S. science and engineering (S&E) enterprise. That was the message of a panel discussion held at the June 2004 IEEE-SSIT International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS'04) in Worcester, MA [1]. We focus here on two main problems: the increasing difficulties faced by students and scientists from abroad in obtaining visas to visit and study in the United States, and the barriers that are being erected to communication and collaboration between U.S. investigators and international scholars.


Copyright 2005 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Volume 24, Issue 3, Fall 2005, pages 45-52.

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Date Posted: 23 September 2005

This document has been peer reviewed.