Document Type

Thesis or dissertation

Date of this Version

Spring 2012

Thesis Advisor

Claudia Valeggia


As many other aspects of human health, oral health differs between men and women, especially at specific life stages. Since many stages of the female life are characterized by vast changes in reproductive hormones, there are corresponding changes that occur throughout the body, including the oral cavity. The sex and age specific changes and risk factors associated with oral health are often overlooked by health care professionals and the general population. This review seeks to elucidate the particular risk factors to which women are susceptible as they age, and point out where during the life course female oral health differs from that of males. Since men and women experience different changes in general and oral health during the course of their lives, health care professionals need to make care more gender and age specific. Dentists are in a particularly good position to implement sex and age specific care because of the regularity with which it is recommended people visit their dentists. Acknowledgement that women of different ages have specific oral health concerns will likely lead to improved oral health status in women of all ages.

Included in

Anthropology Commons



Date Posted: 08 June 2016


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.