Document Type

Book Chapter

Date of this Version

2013

Publication Source

Sourcebook for Garden Archaeology: Methods, Techniques, Interpretations and Field Examples

Start Page

723

Last Page

728

Abstract

Circumstances Under Which the Garden was Investigated

In the 1960s and 1970s, vast landscapes of abandoned pre-Columbian raised fields were documented in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Suriname, and Guyana. This form of intensive agriculture is associated with large and dense sedentary populations and in some cases sustained complex sociopolitical organizations. Raised fields are large elevated planting platforms designed to provide drainage and improve soil conditions and fertility. Deep water-filled canals alongside the platforms provide moisture during dry periods, protect crops against frost, and produce organic matter for sustained harvests.

Copyright/Permission Statement

Originally published in Sourcebook for Garden Archaeology: Methods, Techniques, Interpretations and Field Examples © 2013 Peter Lang Publishers. Reproduced with permission.

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Date Posted:15 August 2018