Article Title

Careers in Academia and Industry: Transitions and Challenges


  • Start the career planning process with self-discovery and feedback from mentors. Understand the setting, culture, organizational structure, and leadership of the organizations under consideration for one’s career.

  • Understand the expectations of potential career paths.

  • For personal development beyond hard knowledge and skills, acquire excellent people skills and a strong network.
  • Careers are dynamic. Maintain flexibility. Moving between environments (academia vs. industry) can be challenging, but those who successfully navigate this do so with extensive planning.