PSC Working Paper Series

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version

2-25-2011

Comments

Fenelon, Andrew and Samuel H. Preston. 2011. "Estimating smoking-attributable mortality in the United States." PSC Working Paper Series, PSC 11-02.

Abstract

Tobacco is the largest single cause of premature death in the developed world. Two methods of estimating the number of deaths attributable to smoking use mortality from lung cancer as an indicator of the damage from smoking. We reestimate the coefficients of one of these, the Preston/Glei/Wilmoth model, using recent data from U.S. states. We calculate smoking attributable fractions for the 50 states and the U.S. as a whole in 2000 and 2004. We estimate that 21% of adult deaths among men and 17% among women were attributable to smoking in 2004. Across states, attributable fractions range from 11% to 30% among men and from 7% to 23% among women. Smoking related mortality also explains as much as 60% of the mortality disadvantage of Southern states. At the national level, our estimates are in close agreement with those of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Preston/Glei/Wilmoth, particularly for men. But we find greater variability by state than does CDC. We suggest that our coefficients are suitable for calculating smoking-attributable mortality in contexts with relatively mature cigarette smoking epidemics.

Keywords

Mortality, Cigarette smoking, United States, Method, State, Geographic variation

 

Date Posted: 25 February 2011