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It is well established that the phase transition between survival and extinction in spreading models with short-range interactions is generically associated with the directed percolation (DP) universality class. In many realistic spreading processes, however, interactions are long ranged and well described by Lévy flights—i.e., by a probability distribution that decays in d dimensions with distance r as r−d−σ. We employ the powerful methods of renormalized field theory to study DP with such long-range Lévy-flight spreading in some depth. Our results unambiguously corroborate earlier findings that there are four renormalization group fixed points corresponding to, respectively, short-range Gaussian, Lévy Gaussian, short-range, and Lévy DP and that there are four lines in the (σ,d) plane which separate the stability regions of these fixed points. When the stability line between short-range DP and Lévy DP is crossed, all critical exponents change continuously. We calculate the exponents describing Lévy DP to second order in an ε expansion, and we compare our analytical results to the results of existing numerical simulations. Furthermore, we calculate the leading logarithmic corrections for several dynamical observables.
Date Posted: 13 January 2011
This document has been peer reviewed.