Neuroethics Publications

 
'Neuroethics' is the ethics of neuroscience, analogous to the term 'bioethics' which denotes the ethics of biomedical science more generally. It encompasses a wide array of ethical issues emerging from different branches of clinical neuroscience (neurology, psychiatry, psychopharmacology) and basic neuroscience (cognitive neuroscience, affective neuroscience). These include ethical problems raised by advances in functional neuroimaging, brain implants and brain-machine interfaces and psychopharmacology as well as by our growing understanding of the neural bases of behavior, personality, consciousness, and states of spiritual transcendence. This collection brings together the work of a growing number of Penn researchers from across the academic disciplines who are contributing to the neuroethics literature.

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Papers from 2015

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Ethics of Genetic and Biomarker Test Disclosures in Neurodegenerative Disease Prevention Trials, Scott Y. H Kim, Jason Karlawish, and Benjamin E. Berkman

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Neural Correlates of Post-Conventional Moral Reasoning: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study, Kristin Prehn, Marc Korczykowski, Hengyi Rao, Zhuo Fang, John A. Detre, and Diana C. Robertson

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Brain Imaging Research on Psychopathy: Implications for Punishment, Prediction, and Treatment in Youth and Adults, Rebecca Umbach, Colleen Berryessa, and Adrian Raine

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Emotional Reaction Facilitates the Brain and Behavioral Impact of Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels in Smokers, An-Li Wang, Steven B. Lowen, Daniel Romer, Mario Giorno, and Daniel D. Langleben

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Emotional Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels Reduce the Electrophysiological Brain Response to Smoking Cues, An-Li Wang, Daniel Romer, Igor Elman, Bruce I. Turetsky, Ruben Gur, and Daniel D. Langleben

Papers from 2014

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Minds, Motherboards, and Money: Futurism and Realism in the Neuroethics of BCI Technologies, Mark A. Attiah and Martha J. Farah

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Broadening the Focus, Tom Buller, Adam Shriver, and Martha J. Farah

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Ethics of the Electrified Mind: Defining Issues and Perspectives on the Principled Use of Brain Stimulation in Medical Research and Clinical Care, Laura Y. Cabrera, Emily L. Evans, and Roy H. Hamilton

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Brain Images, Babies, and Bathwater: Critiquing Critiques of Functional Neuroimaging, Martha J. Farah

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Functional MRI-Based Lie Detection: Scientific and Societal Challenges, Martha J. Farah, J. Benjamin Hutchinson, Elizabeth A. Phelps, and Anthony D. Wagner

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Cognitive Enhancement, Martha J. Farah, M. Elizabeth Smith, Irena Ilieva, and Roy Hamilton

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Neuroanatomy Predicts Individual Risk Attitudes, Sharon Gilaie-Dotan, Agnieszka Tymula, Nicole Cooper, Joseph W. Kable, Paul W. Glimcher, and Ifat Levy

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Neurocriminology: Implications for the Punishment, Prediction and Prevention of Criminal Behaviour, Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

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How Are We Going to Live With Alzheimer's Disease?, Jason Karlawish

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Unwrapping a Fragile Concept, Jason Karlawish

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Minding the Aging Brain: Are We Ready for Personalized Medicine?, Jason Karlawish and Robert C. Green

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The Brain, Cognitive Enhancement Devices, and European Regulation, Andreas Kuersten and Roy H. Hamilton

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Does Incidental Disgust Amplify Moral Judgment? A Meta-Analytic Review of Experimental Evidence, Justin F. Landy and Geoffrey P. Goodwin

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Lower Amygdala Volume in Men is Associated With Childhood Aggression, Early Psychopathic Traits, and Future Violence, Dustin A. Pardini, Adrian Raine, Kirk Erickson, and Rolf Loeber

Papers from 2013

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The Valuation System: A Coordinate-Based Meta-Analysis of BOLD fMRI Experiments Examining Neural Correlates of Subjective Value, Oscar Bartra, Joseph T. McGuire, and Joseph W. Kable

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The Seductive Allure of "Seductive Allure", Martha J. Farah and Cayce J. Hook

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The Association Between P3 Amplitude at Age 11 and Criminal Offending at Age 23, Yu Gao, Adrian Raine, Peter H. Venables, and Sarnoff A. Mednick

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Look Again: Effects of Brain Images and Mind-Brain Dualism on Lay Evaluations of Research, Cayce J. Hook and Martha J. Farah

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Neuroscience for Educators: What Are They Seeking, and What Are They Finding?, Cayce J. Hook and Martha J. Farah

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Objective and Subjective Cognitive Enhancing Effects of Mixed Amphetamine Salts in Healthy People, Irena Ilieva, Joseph Boland, and Martha J. Farah

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Law and Neuroscience, Owen D. Jones, Réne Marois, Martha J. Farah, and Henry Greely

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Using Brain Imaging for Lie Detection: Where Science, Law, and Policy Collide, Daniel D. Langleben and Jane Campbell Moriarty

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Preclinical Alzheimer Disease - The Challenges Ahead, Reisa A. Sperling, Jason Karlawish, and Keith A. Johnson

Papers from 2012

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From Neural Responses to Population Behavior: Neural Focus Group Predicts Population-Level Media Effects, Emily B. Falk, Elliot T. Berkman, and Matthew D. Lieberman

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Getting the Word Out: Neural Correlates of Enthusiastic Message Propagation, Emily B. Falk, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, and Matthew D. Liberman

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Review of Robert Whitaker, Anatomy of an Epidemic: Magic Bullets, Psychiatric Drugs, and the Astonishing Rise of Mental Illness in America, Martha J. Farah

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The Puzzle of Neuroimaging and Psychiatric Diagnosis: Technology and Nosology in an Evolving Discipline, Martha J. Farah and Seth J Gillihan

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Biomarkers Unbound - The Supreme Court's Ruling on Diagnostic-Test Patents, Aaron S. Kesselheim and Jason Karlawish

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Legal Regulation of Addictive Substances and Addiction, Stephen Morse

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New Therapies, Old Problems, or, A Plea for Neuromodesty, Stephen J. Morse

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Increased Executive Functioning, Attention, and Cortical Thickness in White-Collar Criminals, Adrian Raine, William S. Laufer, Yaling Yang, Katherine L. Narr, Paul Thompson, and Arthur W. Toga

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Neuroscience, Ethics, and National Security: The State of the Art, Michael N. Tennison and Jonathan D. Moreno

Papers from 2011

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Brain Branding: When Neuroscience and Commerce Collide, Bree Chancellor and Anjan Chatterjee

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Neuroaesthetics: A Coming of Age Story, Anjan Chatterjee

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Artistic Production Following Brain Damage: A Study of Three Artists, Anjan Chatterjee, Bianca Bromberger, William B. Smith II, Rebecca Sternschein, and Page Widick

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Overcorrecting the Neuroenhancement Discussion, Martha J. Farah

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Avoiding Irrational NeuroLaw Exuberance: A Plea for Neuromodesty, Stephen Morse

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Gene-Environment Interactions, Criminal Responsibility, and Sentencing, Stephen Morse

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Genetics and Criminal Responsibility, Stephen J. Morse

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Biosocial Interactions and Correlates of Crime, Anna Rudo-Hutt, Yu Gao, Andrea Glenn, Melissa Peskin, Yaling Yang, and Adrian Raine

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Relative Function: Nuclear Brain Imaging in United States Courts, Susan E. Rushing and Daniel D. Langleben

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Are Prescription Stimulants “Smart Pills”?, M. Elizabeth Smith and Martha J. Farah

Papers from 2010

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Morality: My brain made me do it, Martha J. Farah

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Neuroethics, An Introduction with Readings, Martha J. Farah

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Brain Imaging and Brain Privacy: A Realistic Concern?, Martha J. Farah, M. Elizabeth Smith, Cyrena Gawuga, Dennis Lindsell, and Dean Foster

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Socioeconomic status and the brain: mechanistic insights from human and animal research, Daniel A. Hackman, Martha J. Farah, and Michael J. Meaney

Papers from 2009

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Correspondence: A Medical View of Potential Adverse Effects, Anjan Chatterjee

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Is it acceptable for people to take methylphenidate to enhance performance? No, Anjan Chatterjee

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Mind, Brain, and Education in Socioeconomic Context, Martha J. Farah

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Neuroscience and the Soul, Martha J. Farah and Nancey Murphy

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Psychopathy and instrumental aggression: Evolutionary, neurobiological, and legal perspectives, Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

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The Neural Correlates of Moral Decision-Making in Psychopathy, Andrea L. Glenn, Adrian Raine, and R.A. Schug

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The Perceived Objectivity of Ethical Beliefs: Psychological Findings and Implications for Public Policy, Geoffrey P. Goodwin and John M. Darley

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Reduced prefrontal and temporal processing and recall of high "sensation value" ads, Daniel D. Langleben, James W. Loughead, Kosha Ruparel, Jonathan G. Hakun, Samantha Busch-Winokur, Matthew B. Holloway, Andrew A. Strasser, Joseph N. Cappella, and Caryn Lerman

Papers from 2008

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Denying autonomy in order to create it: the paradox of forcing treatment on addicts, Arthur Caplan

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Good, better, best?, Arthur Caplan

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Framing Pains, Pills, and Professors, Anjan Chatterjee

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Neuroethics and the Problem of Other Minds: Implications of Neuroscience for the Moral Status of Brain-Damaged Patients and Nonhuman Animals, Martha J. Farah

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That Little Matter of Consciousness, Martha J. Farah

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When we enhance cognition with Adderall, do we sacrifice creativity? A preliminary study, Martha J. Farah

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State-of-Science Review: SR-E29, Brain-Computer Interfaces and Cognitive Neural Prostheses, Kenneth R. Foster

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Towards responsible use of cognitive-enhancing drugs by the healthy, Henry Greely, Philip Campbell, Barbara Sahakian, John Harris, Ronald C. Kessler, Michael Gazzaniga, and Martha J. Farah

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Measuring Decision-Making Capacity in Cognitively Impaired Individuals, Jason Karlawish

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Assessing the Capacity to Make Everyday Decisions: A Guide for Clinicians and an Agenda for Future Research, James M. Lai and Jason Karlawish

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Detection of Deception with fMRI: Are we there yet?, Daniel D. Langleben

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Determinism and the Death of Folk Psychology: Two Challenges To Responsibility From Neuroscience, Stephen Morse

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Preferences for Enhancement Pharmaceuticals: The Reluctance to Enhance Fundamental Traits, Jason Riis, Joseph P. Simmons, and Geoffrey P. Goodwin

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Future Minds: Transhumanism, Cognitive Enhancement and the Nature of Persons, Susan Schneider

Papers from 2007

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Cosmetic Neurology and Cosmetic Surgery: Parallels, Predictions, and Challenges, Anjan Chatterjee

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"Cosmetic Neurology" and the problem of pain, Anjan Chatterjee

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This is Your Brain on Politics (Farah Guest Post), Martha J. Farah

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Personhood and neuroscience: Naturalizing or nihilating?, Martha J. Farah and Andrea S. Heberlein

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Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Personhood and Neuroscience: Naturalizing or Nihilating?": Getting Personal, Martha J. Farah and Andrea S. Heberlein

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The neural processing of moral sensitivity to issues of justice and care., Diana Robertson, John Snarey, Opal Ousley, Keith Harenski, F. Dubois Bowman, Rick Gilkey, and Clinton Kilts

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Emerging Neurotechnologies for Lie Detection and the Fifth Amendment, Sarah E. Stoller and Paul Root Wolpe

Papers from 2006

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The promise and predicament of cosmetic neurology, Anjan Chatterjee

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True lies: delusions and lie-detection technology, Daniel Langleben, Frank M. Dattilio, and Thomas G. Guthei

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Juicing the Brain: Research to limit mental fatigue among soldiers may foster controversial ways to enhance any person's brain, Jonathan Moreno

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Brain Overclaim Syndrome and Criminal Responsibility: A Diagnostic Note, Stephen Morse

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Will Future Forensic Assessment Be Neurobiologic?, Arne Popma and Adrian Raine

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Neural foundations to moral reasoning and antisocial behavior, Adrian Raine and Yaling Yang

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Reasons Scientists Avoid Thinking about Ethics, Paul Root Wolpe

Papers from 2005

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The Capacity to Vote of Persons With Alzheimer’s Disease, Paul S. Appelbaum, Richard S. Bonnie, and Jason Karlawish

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Classifying spatial patterns of brain activity with machine learning methods: application to lie detection, Christos Davatzikos, Kosha Ruparel, Yong Fan, Dinggang Shen, M. Acharyya, James Loughead, Ruben Gur, and Daniel D. Langleben

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Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical, Martha J. Farah

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Telling the truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event-related fMRI, Daniel D. Langleben, James Loughead, Warren B. Bilker, Kosha Ruparel, Anna Rose Childress, Samantha I. Busch, and Ruben Gur

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The Neuroscientific Study of Religious and Spiritual Phenomena: or Why God Doesn't Use Biostatistics, Andrew B. Newberg and Bruce Y. Lee

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Emerging neurotechnologies for lie-detection: promises and perils, Paul Root Wolpe, Kenneth Foster, and Daniel D. Langleben

Papers from 2004

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Is it ethical to use enhancement technologies to make us better than well?, Arthur L. Caplan and Carl Elliot

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Straining Their Brains: Why the Case Against Enhancement is Not Persuasive., Arthur L. Caplan and Paul R. McHugh

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Cosmetic Neurology: For Physicians the Future is Now, Anjan Chatterjee

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Neurocognitive Enhancement: what can we do and what should we do?, Martha J. Farah, Judy Illes, Robert Cook-Deegan, Howard Gardner, Eric Kandel, Patricia King, Eric Parens, Barbara Sahakian, and Paul Root Wolpe

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Monitoring and manipulating the human brain: new neuroscience technologies and their ethical implications, Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe

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DARPA On Your Mind, Jonathan Moreno

Papers from 2003

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Bioethics and the Brain, Kenneth R. Foster, Paul Root Wolpe, and Arthur L. Caplan