Issue Briefs

 

Since 1967, Penn’s Leonard Davis Institute of Economics (LDI) has been the leading university institute dedicated to data-driven, policy-focused research that improves our nation’s health and health care. LDI’s Issue Briefs synthesize the research evidence around key topics and provide relevant and usable information to policymakers. For more information, please contact Janet Weiner (weinerja@mail.med.upenn.edu).

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Briefs from 2017

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Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution and Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, and Zachary Meisel

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Issues at the Heart of Advancing the De-Adoption of Low-Value Care, Rebecka Rosenquist and Janet Weiner

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Effects of the ACA on Health Care Cost Containment, Janet Weiner PhD, MPH; Clifford Marks; and Mark Pauly PhD

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Primary Care Appointment Availability and the ACA Insurance Expansions, Molly Candon, Daniel Polsky, Brendan Saloner, Douglas Wissoker, Katherine Hempstead, Genevieve M. Kenney, and Karin Rhodes

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How Has the Affordable Care Act Affected Work and Wages?, Jean Abraham PhD and Anne Beeson Royalty PhD

Briefs from 2016

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Insurance Coverage and Access to Care Under the Affordable Care Act, Stacey McMorrow and Daniel Polsky

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Turmoil in the Health Insurance Marketplaces, Michael A. Morrisey

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Primary Care: On the Front Lines of the Opioid Crisis, Marcus Bachhuber, Janet Weiner, Julia Mitchell, and Jeffrey Samet

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Show Me the Money: Economic Evaluations of Opioid Use Disorder Interventions, Sean Murphy, Daniel Polsky, Zachary Meisel, and Julia Mitchell

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Improving the Lives of Fragile Newborns: What Does Nursing Have to Offer?, Eileen Lake

Briefs from 2014

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Improving HPV Vaccination Rates, Alexander G. Fiks

Briefs from 2013

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The Case for Baccalaureate-Prepared Nurses, Ann Kutney Lee and Linda H. Aiken

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Three Models of Community-Based Participatory Research, Janet Weiner and Jasmine McDonald

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Genomic Variation: What Does It Mean?, Marian Reiff, Barbara A. Bernhardt, and Surabhi Mulchandani

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Effects of Conflict-of-Interest Policies in Psychiatry Residency on Antidepressant Prescribing, Andrew J Epstein, David A. Asch, and Colleen Barry

Briefs from 2012

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Accountable Care Organizations: Back to the Future?, Lawton R. Burns and Mark V. Pauly

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Adherence to HIV Drug Therapy, Robert Gross

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Exposure and Vulnerability of California Kindergarteners to Intentionally Unvaccinated Children, Alison Buttenheim

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On the Way to Health, David A. Asch and Kevin G. Volpp

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Comparing Treatments for Age-related Macular Degeneration: Safety, Effectiveness and Cost, Maureen G. Maguire

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Understanding and Addressing the Impact of Autism on the Family, David S. Mandell

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“Buddy System” of Peer Mentors may Help Control Diabetes, Judith A. Long

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Designing Health Insurance Exchanges: Key Decisions, Amanda Starc and Jonathan T. Kolstad

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How the Newly Insured Use Health Services: a Lesson for the U.S. from Medicare, Daniel Polsky

Briefs from 2011

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The Quality of Emergency Medical Services, Guy David and Scott E. Harrington

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Re-engineering Drug Discovery and Development, Garret A. FitzGerald

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Behavioral Economics and Health Annual Symposium, Janet Weiner and David A. Asch

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When Genetic Screening is Useful, but not Used, Barbara A. Bernhardt and Reed E. Pyeritz

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Limitations in Access to Dental and Medical Specialty Care for Publicly Insured Children, Karin V. Rhodes and Joanna Bisgaier

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The Pay-Off on Nursing Home Report Cards, Rachel M. Werner, Daniel Polsky, and R Tamara Konetzka

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The Changing Geography of Outpatient Procedures, Guy David and Mark D. Neuman

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Evaluating Health Information Technology’s Clinical Effects, Brian L. Strom and Rtia Schinnar

Briefs from 2010

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Treating Viral Respiratory Tract Infections with Antibiotics in Hospitals: No Longer a Case of Mistaken Identity, Ebbing Lautenbach, Ingi Lee, and Kevin T. Shiley

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Preventive Surgery is Associated with Reduced Cancer Risk and Mortality in Women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutations, Susan M. Domchek and Timothy R. Rebbeck

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Communities and Health: The Case of Inner-City Violence and Asthma, Andrea J. Apter

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The California Nurse Staffing Mandate: Implications for Other States, Linda H. Aiken

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Direct-To-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs, Dominick L. Frosch and David Grande

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Foreclosure and Health Status, Craig Evan Pollack, Julia Lynch, Dawn Alley, and Carolyn Cannuscio

Briefs from 2009

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Evaluating Residency Programs by Whether They Produce Good Doctors, David A. Asch

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Preventing MRSA Infection in the Community, Ebbing Lautenbach and Theoklis Zaoutis

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The Burden of Health Care Costs for Working Families, Daniel Polsky and David Grande

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Time, Distance, and Access to Emergency Care in the United States, Brendan G. Carr and Charles Branas

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Paying People to Lose Weight and Stop Smoking, Kevin G. Volpp

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The Best Laid Plans: Disappointments of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, Robert Hornik and Lela Jacobsohn

Briefs from 2008

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Medication Comprehension and Safety in Older Adults, Joshua P. Metlay

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Preventing Sudden Death: Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Elderly Cardiac Patients, Peter W. Groeneveld

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Hospital Performance Measures and Quality of Care, Rachel M. Werner, Eric T. Bradlow, and David A. Asch

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Voting by Older Adults with Cognitive Impairments, Jason Karlawish

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Drug Safety and Surveillance: the Case of Avandia, David Joel Margolis and Brian L. Strom

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The Shape of Things to Come: Obesity, Aging, and Disability, Dawn E. Alley, Virginia W. Chang, and Jalpa A. Doshi

Briefs from 2007

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Predicting and Monitoring Antiretroviral Adherence, Robert Gross

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A Wake-Up Call: Quality of Care After Resident Duty Hour Reform, Kevin G. Volpp and Jeffrey H. Silber

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Reducing Firearm Injury: Lessons from Brazil, James Macinko and Maria de Fátima Marinho de Souza

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Medical Migration to the U.S.: Trends and Impact, Daniel Polsky, Julie Sochalski, Linda H. Aiken, and Richard A. Cooper

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How Health Affects Small Business in South Africa, Li-wei Chao and Mark V. Pauly

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Time Under: Hospital and Patient Characteristics Affecting Anesthesia Duration, Jeffrey H. Silber

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Flu-Related Hospitalizations in Children, Ron Keren, Susan E. Coffin, and Theoklis Zaoutis

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Beyond “Sicko”— Thoughts on Health System Reform, Linda H. Aiken, Arthur L. Caplan, David T. Grande, Mark V. Pauly, and Arnold J. Rosoff

Briefs from 2006

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Lower Nicotine Cigarettes may not Lower Harm, Andrew A. Strasser, Caryn Lerman, and Joseph N. Cappella

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Genetic Counseling and Testing for Breast Cancer Risk in African Americans, Chanita Hughes Halbert

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Reacting to Antibiotic Allergies, Andrea J. Apter and Brian L. Strom

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Helping Smokers Quit Through Pharmacogenetics, Caryn Lerman

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Preparing for the Next Natural Disaster: Learning From Katrina, Howard Kunreuther

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Antibiotics, Acne, and Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, David Joel Margolis

Briefs from 2005

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Understanding and Improving Hospice Enrollment, David Casarett

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The Effect of Firearm Deaths on Life Expectancy and Insurance Premiums in the United States, Jean Lemaire

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No Time to Spare: Improving Access to Trauma Care, Charles Branas

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How Primary Care Practice Affects Medicaid Patients’ use of Emergency Services, Robert A. Lowe

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Genetics, Disparities, and Prostate Cancer, Timothy R. Rebbeck

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Child Neurology: Workforce and Practice Characteristics, Daniel Polsky

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Computerized Physician Order Entry Systems: The Right Prescription?, Ross Koppel

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Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Personal Preference or low Cost Option?, José A. Pagán and Mark V. Pauly

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Racial Disparities in Cardiac Care: Geography Matters, Peter W. Groeneveld

Briefs from 2004

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Public Spending on Elders and Children: The gap is Growing, Susmita Pati, Ron Keren, Evaline A. Alessandri, and Donald F. Schwarz

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Trauma Center-Community Partnerships to Address Firearm Injury: It can be Done, Therese S. Richmond, Charles Branas, and C William Schwab

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Transitional Care for Older Adults: A Cost-Effective Model, Mary D. Naylor

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Professional and Public Attitudes Toward Incentives for Organ Donation, John D. Jasper and David A. Asch

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The new Medicare Drug Benefit: Much ado About Little?, Mark V. Pauly

Briefs from 2003

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Self-Management Education of Children with Asthma: A Meta-Analysis, James P. Guevara

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Hospital Nurse Staffing, Education, and Patient Mortality, Linda H. Aiken, Sean P. Clarke, Jeffrey H. Silber, and Douglas M. Sloane

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The Ineffectiveness of Retrospective Drug Utilization Review, Sean Hennessy and Brian L. Strom

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How Physicians React to Cost-Effectiveness Information, David A. Asch, John C. Hershey, and Peter A. Ubel

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Guns in the Home: Risky Business, Douglas Wiebe

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Market Reform in New Jersey and Quality of Care: A Cautionary Tale, Kevin G. Volpp, Sankey V. Williams, and Mark V. Pauly

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Gatekeeping and Children’s Health Care Costs, Susmita Pati

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“False Alarm” Mammography Results–how do Women React?, Barbara Kahn and Mary Frances Luce

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Accommodating Medical School Faculty with Disabilities, Annie G. Steinberg, Lisa I. Iezzoni, Alicia Conill, and Margaret Stineman

Briefs from 2002

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Firearm Injury in America, C William Schwab, Therese S. Richmond, and Maura Dunfey

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Needlestick Injuries to Nurses, in Context, Sean P. Clarke, Douglas M. Sloane, and Linda H. Aiken

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Living with Dementia: Caregiver Perspectives, Jason Karlawish

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Tensions in Antibiotic Prescribing, Joshua P. Metlay

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The Risk of Injury to Children in Compact Pickup Trucks, Flaura K. Winston and Dennis Durbin

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Supportive Housing for Homeless People with Severe Mental Illness, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metreaux, and Trevor Hadley

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The Effects of Medicare Payment Subsidies to Teaching Hospitals, Sean Nicholson

Briefs from 2001

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Improving Handwashing In Hospitals: A Patient Education And Empowerment Program, Maryanne McGuckin

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From Hospital to Drugstore: Insurance and the Shift to Outpatient Care, Patricia. M. Danzon and Mark V. Pauly

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State Helmet Laws and Motorcycle Rider Death Rates, Charles Branas and Martha Knudson

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Connections Between AIDS and Homelessness, Dennis P. Culhane and Erica E. Gollub

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Cause for Concern: Nurses’ Reports of Hospital Care in Five Countries, Linda H. Aiken, Sean P. Clarke, Douglas M. Sloane, and Julie Sochalski

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Does Managed Care Gatekeeping Affect African Americans’ Access to Emergency Care?, Robert A. Lowe