Senior Honors Theses
History Department Honors Program

Document Type

Thesis or dissertation

Date of this Version

5-6-2008

Comments

A Senior Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Honors in History.
Faculty Advisor: Ronald Granieri

Abstract

William Edward Dodd served as United States ambassador to Germany between August 1933 and December 1937. Using archival sources, this thesis examines Dodd's reactions to and analyses of three events in Nazi German history, with reference to how these episodes altered the landscape of international security. These events are the withdrawal from the Disarmament Conference and League of Nations in October 1933, the announcement of conscription in March 1935, and the remilitarization of the Rhineland in March 1936. By focusing on these three critical moments, this thesis traces the evolution of Dodd's perception of the threat Nazi Germany posed to world peace. The four years of Dodd's service converted a man once conservatively optimistic about the Hitler regime's future to one deathly afraid of it, convinced that action by foreign powers was the only avenue to stop Germany's march towards war. Few in the State Department shared his doomsday beliefs. The Ambassador was left isolated and ignored.

Keywords

Dodd, Ambassador, Hitler, Messersmith, Neurath, Roosevelt, Consul, Consulate, Foreign Service, Germany, World War II, Second World War, Berlin, foreign policy, William Dodd, american, united states, rhineland, remilitarization, conscription, league of nations, disarmament, geneva, world disarmament conference, conference, air force, spanish civil war, franco, hull, cordell hull, isolationist, isolationism, anti-intervensionism, wilsonian, wilsonianism, internationalism, internationist, FDR, Roosevelt, embassy, glowalla, kevin, kevin glowalla, kevin peter, kevin peter glowalla, upenn, penn, war, nazi, nazism, national socialism, threat, international relations, foreign affairs, foreign policy, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1932, dallek, democrat and diplomat, adolf, adolf hitler, hess, goring, himmler, rohm, hindenburg, american history, history, von bulow, von neurath, henderson, francois-poncet, r. walton moore, william shirer, berlin diary, rise and fall of the third reich, third, reich, third reich, martha dodd, university of leipzig, university of chicago, charles beard, jew, holocaust, jewish, south's yeoman scholar, fred arthur bailey, offner, american appeasement, appeasement, france, great britain, italy, europe, peace

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Date Posted: 06 May 2008