Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

 
Team1000+ is a consortium that combines the expertise and complementarities of groups of research scholarsfrom the University of Pennsylvania (Penn)-USA (PI Jere R. Behrman), University of Essex-UK (PI Sonia Bhalotra) and CDDEP-India (PI Ramanan Laxminarayan) into an international interdisciplinary consortium of leading scholars with considerable expertise on many facets of both determinants and impacts of early childhood development (ECD). The lead institution for Team1000+ Project is Penn, with the project being coordinated by the Penn Population Studies Center (PSC) and with Behrman as PI, in partnership with the two consortium members (Essex, CDDEP). Team1000+ includes over 50 investigators with advanced training in economics and 11 other relevant disciplines; current appointments in 17 countries, including 13 low- and middle-income countries; and current or recent appointments in a number of international governmental organizations, international NGOs, governments and universities. Team1000+ is developing an economic framework to address four critical poverty-related risk factors during the First 1000 Days of life highlighted by the GCC -- malnutrition, infection, poor management of pregnancy and birth complications, and a lack of cognitive stimulation and nurturing – and analyze the economic impacts and the resource costs of selected related interventions over the life cycle. Team1000+ is undertaking an innovative strategy with a number of components to move considerably beyond the existing literature to develop significantly improved understanding. The project purpose is to contribute significantly to understanding the economic impact of ameliorating key risk factors in the First 1000 Days in developing countries through synthesizing available knowledge and contributing new innovative studies. The potential impact in terms of knowledge on this important topic is great, both directly on policy makers and indirectly through the influence of the nongovernmental and academic communities on policy. Papers in this working paper series are products written by members of Team1000+.

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Working Papers from 2014

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Early-Childhood Growth Faltering, Post-Infancy Recovery and Educational Outcomes in Late Childhood: Evidence from Vietnam, Jere R. Behrman and Le Thuc Duc

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Does Mother’s Schooling Matter Most in Rural Bangladesh? Re-contextualizing an Old Debate in a New Era of School Reform, Julia Andrea Behrman

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The Effect of Increased Primary Schooling on Adult Women's HIV Status in Malawi and Uganda: Universal Primary Education as a Natural Experiment, Julia Andrea Behrman

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Height and Calories in Early Childhood, Andrew S. Griffen

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Saving Brains: Literature review of reproductive, neonatal, child and maternal health and nutrition Interventions to mitigate basic risk factors to promote child development, Carol Levin and Elizabeth Brouwer

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Learning and Earning: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in India, Pushkar Maitra and Subha Mani

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Impact of the NREGS on Schooling and Intellectual Human Capital, Subha Mani, Jere R. Behrman, Shaikh Galab, and Prudhvikar Reddy

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Review of Maternal Effects on Early Childhood Stunting, Thokozani Phiri

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Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries, Norbert Schady, Jere R. Behrman, Maria Caridad Araujo, Rodrigo Azuero, Raquel Bernal, David Bravo, Florencia Lopez-Boo, Karen Macours, Daniela Marshall, Christina Paxson, and Renos Vakis

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Gender targeting of unconditional income transfers and child nutritional status: Experimental evidence from the Bolivian Amazon, Eduardo Undurraga, Ariela Zycherman, Julie Yiu, Jere R. Behrman, William R. Leonard, and Ricardo A. Godoy

Working Papers from 2013

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Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty and Inequality: Young Lives, Jere R. Behrman, Benjamin T. Crookston, Kirk Dearden, Le Thuc Duc, Lia C. H. Fernald, Subha Mani, Whitney Schott, and Aryeh D. Stein

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What Determines Adult Cognitive Skills? Influences of Pre-Schooling, Schooling, and Post-Schooling Experiences in Guatemala, Jere R. Behrman, John F. Hoddinott, John A. Maluccio, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Emily L. Behrman, Reynaldo Martorell, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, and Aryeh D. Stein

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The Impact of Female Education on Fertility: Evidence from Turkey, Pınar Mine Güneş

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The Role of Maternal Education in Child Health: Evidence from a Compulsory Schooling Law, Pınar Mine Güneş

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The Economic Rationale for Investing in Stunting Reduction, John Hoddinott, Harold Alderman, Jere R. Behrman, Lawrence Haddad, and Susan Horton

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Mothers’ Empowerment, Children’s Inoculations and Schooling in Pakistan: Urban vs Rural Areas, Daughters vs Sons and 1998-99 vs 2007-08, Adiqa K. Kiani and Jere R. Behrman

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The Persistent Eff ects of in Utero Nutrition Shocks Over the Life Cycle: Evidence From Ramadan Fasting, Muhammad Farhan Majid

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Math Skills and Market and Non-market Outcomes: Evidence From an Amazonian Society, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jere R. Behrman, Elena L. Grigorenko, Alan Schultz, Julie Yiu, and Ricardo A. Godoy