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This paper presents the first design and demonstration of a novel inverse acoustic band gap (IABG) structure in aluminum nitride (AlN) and its direct integration with piezoelectric contour-mode transducers. The experimental results indicate that the IABG structure has a stop band from 185 MHz to 240 MHz and is centered around 219 MHz with maximum rejection of 30 dB. The ABG-induced phonon scattering causes a frequency band gap that prohibits the propagation of certain acoustic wavelengths. In this work, the IABG unit cell consists of a high acoustic velocity (V) center material, which is formed by 2-μm-thick AlN sandwiched by 200-nm-thick platinum (Pt) and is held by four thin tethers and surrounded by a low acoustic velocity material (air). This cell arrangement enlarges the frequency band gap and eases the requirements on the thickness (d) to lattice constant (a) ratio, which was imposed by previous ABG demonstration in the very high frequency range. The finite element method (FEM) analysis indicates that the IABG can produce a gap-to-midgap ratio of 13.5% even when the d/a ratio is as small as 0.23. This advantage further allows the direct integration of the IABG with high frequency bulk acoustic wave (BAW) transducers.
Date Posted: 13 July 2010