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Tactile information plays a critical role in the human ability to manipulate objects with one's hands. Many environments require the use of protective gloves that diminish essential tactile feedback. Under these circumstances, seemingly simple tasks such as picking up an object can become very difficult. This paper introduces the SlipGlove, a novel device that uses an advanced sensing and actuation system to return this vital tactile information to the user. Our SlipGlove prototypes focus on providing tactile cues associated with slip between the glove and a contact surface. Relative motion is sensed using optical mouse sensors embedded in the glove's surface. This information is conveyed to the wearer via miniature vibration motors placed inside the glove against the wearer's skin. The collocation of slip sensing and tactile feedback creates a system that is natural and intuitive to use. We report results from a human subject study demonstrating that the SlipGlove allows the wearer to approach the capabilities of bare skin in detecting and reacting to fingertip slip. Users of the SlipGlove also had significantly faster and more consistent reaction to fingertip slip when compared to a traditional glove design. The SlipGlove technology allows us to enhance human perception when interacting with real environments and move toward the goal of a tactilely transparent glove.
actuators, data gloves, sensors, SlipGlove, advanced actuation system, advanced sensing system, collocated slip sensing, human perception, miniature vibration motors, optical mouse sensors, protective gloves, tactile feedback, tactilely transparent gloves, vibrotactile actuation
Joseph M. Romano, Steven R. Gray, Nathan T. Jacobs, and Katherine J. Kuchenbecker, "Toward tactilely transparent gloves: Collocated slip sensing and vibrotactile actuation", . April 2009.
Date Posted: 29 June 2009