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In this paper, the acoustic–phonetic characteristics of American English stop consonants are investigated. Features studied in the literature are evaluated for their information content and new features are proposed. A statistically guided, knowledge-based, acoustic–phonetic system for the automatic classification of stops, in speaker independent continuous speech, is proposed. The system uses a new auditory-based front-end processing and incorporates new algorithms for the extraction and manipulation of the acoustic–phonetic features that proved to be rich in their information content. Recognition experiments are performed using hard decision algorithms on stops extracted from the TIMIT database continuous speech of 60 speakers (not used in the design process) from seven different dialects of American English. An accuracy of 96% is obtained for voicing detection, 90% for place articulation detection and 86% for the overall classification of stops.
Acoustic–phonetic, feature extraction, phoneme recognition, speech recognition, stop consonants
Date Posted: 09 November 2004
This document has been peer reviewed.