Date of Award

2014

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Graduate Group

Computer and Information Science

First Advisor

Mitchell P. Marcus

Abstract

The key argument of this dissertation is that the success of an Natural Language Processing (NLP) application depends on a proper representation of the corresponding linguistic problem. This theme is raised in the context that the recent progress made in our field is widely credited to the effective use of strong engineering techniques. However, the intriguing power of highly lexicalized models shown in many NLP applications is not only an achievement by the development in machine learning, but also impossible without the extensive hand-annotated data resources made available,

which are originally built with very deep linguistic considerations.

More specifically, we explore three linguistic aspects in this dissertation: the distinction between closed-class vs. open-class words, long-tail distributions in vocabulary study

and determinism in language models. The first two aspects are studied in unsupervised tasks, unsupervised part-of-speech (POS) tagging and morphology learning, and the last one is studied in supervised tasks, English POS tagging and Chinese word segmentation. Each linguistic aspect under study manifests

itself in a (different) way to help improve performance or efficiency in some NLP application.

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