The Multidimensional Measure of Comfort with Sexuality (MMCS1): The development of a multidimensional objective measure of comfort with sexuality for use in the sexuality education and research

Philip Michael Tromovitch, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract

One of the overarching goals of sexuality educators has been to increase student comfort with sexuality. Until now, the measurement of this goal has been problematic due to the lack of a psychometrically sound measure of this construct. The current research reports on the development of a multidimensional measure of comfort with sexuality—the MMCS1. The measure was developed with expert panels to ensure content validity, exploratory factor analyses to secure construct validity, and other statistical analyses to produce a valid and reliable measure. The MMCS1 contains 32 items; responses are made on 6-point Likert-type scales. The MMCS1 possesses four subscales: (1) comfort discussing sexuality, (2) comfort with one's own sexual life, (3) comfort with the sexual activities of others, and (4) comfort with the taboo sexual activities of others; a total score can be computed by summing the first three subscale scores. A nine-item short form, the MMCS1-S, was also developed which correlates well with the total score (r > .9). In the present research the MMCS1 demonstrated good content and construct validity and the first three subscales demonstrated good internal reliability (αs > .8). Using data from a convenience sample of college students (N = 463) associations between comfort with sexuality and various demographic variables were examined: males and females did not significantly differ in most of their comfort levels; people who masturbate more than one time per month were more comfortable discussing sexuality and with the sexuality of others than people who rarely masturbate or who declined to indicate their masturbation frequency; people who describe themselves as liberal are similarly more comfortable with sexuality; people whose family of origin was open about sexual issues and nudity were more comfortable discussing sexuality and with their own sexual lives; and people reporting higher frequencies of religious attendance or importance showed significantly less comfort with the sexuality of others. Future research on and with the MMCS1 is discussed. ^

Subject Area

Education, Tests and Measurements|Psychology, Psychometrics|Education, Health

Recommended Citation

Philip Michael Tromovitch, "The Multidimensional Measure of Comfort with Sexuality (MMCS1): The development of a multidimensional objective measure of comfort with sexuality for use in the sexuality education and research" (January 1, 2000). Dissertations available from ProQuest. Paper AAI9976485.
http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI9976485

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