The federal mandate to desegregate Pennsylvania's state -owned institutions of higher education: A case study of Title VI enforcement
This dissertation is a study of the Federal mandate to desegregate the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania's state-owned institutions of higher education. This study chronicles Pennsylvania's nearly twenty-year effort to comply with Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act as interpreted by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare/Department of Education.^ This study (1) demonstrates why Pennsylvania, historically a leader in the higher education of African-Americans, was one of the first states cited for Title VI violation; (2) describes how the evolving Federal regulations were implemented in Pennsylvania; and (3) analyzes the impact of the various desegregation plans on the racial enrollment patterns in what is now the State System of Higher Education.^ This dissertation contributes to the body of knowledge and understanding of desegregation and Title VI enforcement in statewide systems of public higher education, particularly in a state with traditionally black institutions but no history of legally sanctioned segregation. Case study methodology is employed to provide an in-depth description and analysis of the OCR finding and the desegregation effort. ^
Lane, Robert Ellsworth, "The federal mandate to desegregate Pennsylvania's state -owned institutions of higher education: A case study of Title VI enforcement" (1994). Dissertations available from ProQuest. AAI9503789.